What is happening in Kashmir is ‘a human tragedy’.
A fact-finding report released by a team of women activists has made disturbing allegations against the Indian Army deployed in Jammu and Kashmir. The allegations include the “lifting” of 13,000 young boys by Army personnel, and family members being taken away for questioning if curfew is “breached”.
The report was released at the Delhi Press Club Tuesday afternoon by Communist Party of India leader Annie Raja, Kawaljit Kaur and Pankhuri Zaheer of the National Federation of Indian Women, the advocate Poonam Kaushik from the Pragatisheel Mahila Sangathan, and Syeda Hameed of the Muslim Women’s Forum. The five of them visited Kashmir from September 17 to 21.
The team visited Srinagar and several villages in the districts of Shopian, Pulwama and Bandipora. Their report incorporates eyewitness accounts of the restrictions imposed on the people since the Centre’s abrogation of Article 370 of the Indian constitution which granted autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir. The names of the eyewitnesses were changed to protect their identities.
According to the report, in some places, lights must be switched off in homes by 8 pm. “In Bandipora, we saw a young girl who made the mistake of keeping a lamp lit to read for her exam on the chance that her school may open soon,” the report says. “Army men angered by this breach of ‘curfew’, jumped the wall to barge in. Father and son, the only males in the house were taken away for questioning.”
The report quotes a woman from Bandipora: “In a reflex action, my four-year-old places a finger on her lips when she hears a dog bark after dusk. Barking dogs mean an imminent visit by the Army. I can’t switch on the phone for light so I can take my little girl to the toilet. Light shows from far and if that happens our men pay with their lives.”
At the press conference, Raja said the abrogation of Article 370 “united the people of Kashmir”. “They now speak in one voice and their sentiment is one. Everyone, irrespective of age or gender, feels that this is the last blow on the dignity and self-respect of the people,” she added. “They cannot forgive and they cannot forget. This is the feeling in all districts. They were so angry but determined to fight back.”
Raja continued: “What I felt is happening in Kashmir is the Indian variant of genocide. There is a human tragedy and that tragedy is because of so many reasons: communication ban and absence of transportation, deaths taking place because of non-availability of timely medical care.”
According to the report, about 13,000 young boys have been “lifted” by the Army during the lockdown. Raja explained, “We met some of the mothers who said their children were picked up by the Army at night and that they were not provided any information about the whereabouts of their children.”
Raja said the Army cannot remain in Kashmir as a “holding power”. “The extent of their atrocity and violence…and them terrorising people, especially young boys and girls, at night…is a dangerous thing,” she said. “It makes all of us think about what is the policy of the government in Kashmir.” She claimed that currently no political party except the Bharatiya Janata Party can organise meetings in Kashmir. “This itself is a violation of democracy and democratic rights of the people,” she argued.
Kaushik said the Kashmir Bar Association’s office was locked when the team visited it. “Lawyers I spoke with said the state is judicially paralysed…that constitutional laws don’t exist here,” she recalled. “The bridge between Kashmir and India, which was built on the basis of Article 370, has been broken.”
Describing what the team saw in the five days it spent in Kashmir, Hameed said, “It was like a cloud of depression that we walked into. The people living there don’t know anything at all about what is going on outside the state. Not the media reports or the protests…it’s like living behind an iron curtain.”
She added, “The forces feel very angry when they see a young Kashmiri boy. Thappad maarna is the new normal.”
The report concludes: “Everywhere we went there were two inexorable sentiments. First, desire for Azadi; they want nothing of either India or Pakistan. The humiliation and torture they have suffered for 70 years has reached a point of no return. Abrogation of 370 some say has snapped the last tie they had with India. Even those people who always stood with the Indian state have been rejected by the government. Since all their leaders have been placed under PSA [Public Safety Act] or under house arrest, the common people have become their own leaders. Their suffering is untold, so is their patience. The second was the mothers’ anguished cries…their children’s lives should not be snuffed out by gun and jackboots.”
To redress the situation, the team demands that:
- All communication lines in Kashmir, including internet and mobile networks, must be immediately restored.
- Articles 370 and 35A must be restored.
- All future decisions about the political future of Jammu and Kashmir must be taken through a process of dialogue with the state’s people.
- All Army personnel must be removed from civilian areas of Jammu and Kashmir.
- A time-bound inquiry committee must be constituted to look into the excesses committed by the Army.